Vice President Richard Nixon narrowly lost the election of 1960 to John F.
Kennedy. Vice President Lyndon Johnson succeeded to the office when Kennedy was assassinated in 1963, and in 1964 he easily defeated Republican Barry
Goldwater. Johnson won passage of major civil rights, anti-poverty and health care
legislation, but his escalation of the Vietnam War became increasingly
unpopular. He did not seek re-election in 1968, and the Democrats
nominated Vice President Hubert Humphrey. Richard Nixon ran
again and won, with only 43 percent of the popular vote.
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